The same politics of domination

first_imgWith elections in the air – this time by the shock no-confidence vote – the ethnic sentiments that act like magnets to polarise the populace have returned with a vengeance. Coterminous with the introduction of modern electoral politics in 1953, voting became increasingly influenced by ethnicity. By the 1960s, it was not a coincidence that elections became ethnic censuses. One of the dilemmas of democracy in Guyana under our Westminster majoritarian/plurality rules is how to manage this now reflexive formation of ethnic “factions” to preclude real or perceived tyrannies of a winning majority group/faction.After the Indian-dominated PPP’s massive victory in 1961, the then minority African/Coloured section had to deal with the possibility of being forever excluded from the Executive. This was the “African Ethnic Security Dilemma” in Guyana: if they played by the rules of democracy, they would be excluded from the Executive.Democracy also presumes that the State will be managed for all the citizens of the country: the managers should be servants of the people. Hegel called them the “universal class”. If the staffing of the institutions of the state is controlled by any one “faction”, this presents another dilemma for democracy. Usually, the majority faction controls the Executive and the organs of state – and in fact this is what could produce the “tyranny of the majority”. However, if there are circumstances in which a minority has control of the state institutions, especially if these include the Armed Forces, the Civil Service and the Judiciary, then the will of the majority can also be denied, since the minority would calculate that they have the wherewithal to challenge the majority without state sanctions.This was the situation in Guyana where the minority African section is vastly overrepresented in the key state institutions mentioned, especially in the Armed Forces. As predicted by us in 1993, because of this historically extant structural condition, the PNC and African Guyanese resisted their exclusion by parliamentary (1992-1997) and violent extra-parliamentary means – including armed rebellion – between 1998-2008. PNC leader Desmond Hoyte’s “kith and kin” call after losing the 1997 elections brutally exposed the “Indian Ethnic Security Dilemma”: even though they were the majority and under the Westminster system could form the Executive after “free-and-fair” elections, that Executive could not guarantee stability, especially for their supporters. Before taking any policy decision, the PPP – under the “Principle of Anticipated Reactions” – always had to consider whether the opposition would initiate violence, under cover of their control of State institutions.  At the same time, their Indian supporters are under an omnipresent fear of being physically attacked, whenever the question of national power is contested, as at present. The fear was realised between 1998 and 2008 in a wave of politically inspired attacks on the state and Indian Guyanese citizens.Sustained post-1980 migration of Indian Guyanese, exceeding that of African Guyanese, deepened the India Security Dilemma. The former’s numerical advantage was lost by 2000, with the 2012 census showing them dropping to 39.8%; African Guyanese 29.2%; Amerindian 10.5% and  “Mixed”  – which generally voted with African Guyanese – rising to 19.9%. The results of the 2015 elections confirmed the African Security Dilemma has been resolved, with the African/Mixed populations now 50% of the electorate. For insurance, the Government is wooing the Amerindian population with the politics of patronage and is consequently very worried about Schuman’s new party.The Indian Ethnic Security Dilemma, therefore, has now been exacerbated into a straight-out certain oppression of them as a minority group by a Government that combines the “authority” of electoral office with the “power” of support by the Police, Army and the Civil Service. Even though the PPP was in office for 23 years and a Disciplined Forces Commission (DFC) – following the armed uprising against the state – recommended in 2004 that recruitment for the Disciplined Forces be structured to ensure its composition more broadly reflects the composition of the country – this was never implemented.Instead, the present PNC-led Coalition Government has moved to increase the numbers in the Disciplined Forces – including reintroducing a 1500-staffed Peoples Militia – with new recruits remain overwhelmingly drawn from the African Guyanese community, even though now President David Granger was a member of the DFC that recommended ethnic representativeness.The strident rhetoric by PNC leaders of a “coup d’état”, bribery; corruption and murder and racism by the PPP is a narrative for retaining power by any means necessary. The oil funds add another powerful incentive.last_img read more

Executive Control of the Legislature: Belated Cry

first_imgWhere has Bomi Senator Sando Johnson been ever since? Is he just now realizing the overweening (conceited, presumptuous) influence of powerful politicians far beyond the branch of government within which they operate and control? Where was Sando Johnson at the beginning of this administration, when Legislators were demanding financial incentives, to put it more euphemistically, to push concessions agreements through ratification?Where was Senator Johnson when from the very beginning in 2006 and onward, the coveted confirmations of nominations of officials in the Executive Branch could not be obtained unless each nominee “see us,” meaning show up with some cash—thousands of dollars of it.Where was he (Senator Johnson) when, from the very beginning, Legislators sat in their chambers waiting for handsome payoffs before the President could obtain approval for ratification of concessions agreements? Remember Clemenceau Urey’s bold confession in 2014 when, accused of paying bribes to Legislators, he told the court that legislators should, in the words of Jesus, “cast the first stone”? The government was prosecuting Urey and Counselor Bill Dunbar for having allegedly, as Chairman and member, respectively, of the Board of Directors of the National Oil Company (NOCAL), paid bribes to the Legislators for the ratification of certain oil blocks. Urey took pains to inform the court that he was reluctant to comply but that lawyers from the Justice Ministry, also on the Board, advised him that it was “okay” because that was how things were done. Urey and Dunbar wondered why the government was not also prosecuting the Legislators who received the “bribes,” since it is a principle in law that “The receiver is just as bad as the rogue.”Unfortunately, the timid Anti-Corruption Commission felt it dared not go after the receivers of the bribes—the Legislators.In the face of this embarrassing, self-defeating impasse, the government withdrew its case against Urey and Dunbar. Now Senator Sando Johnson is weeping bitterly about what has happened to Senator Oscar Cooper, one of the boldest, most principled and most patriotic legislators on Capitol Hill. As Chair of the Committee on Public Works, Senator Cooper was insisting that things were properly done in that sector. More specifically, Senator Cooper was investigating US$34 million road construction contracts awarded outside the scrutiny of the Public Procurement Concessions Commission (PPCC). But others felt differently, and very quickly, the maneuvering began that eventually got Senator Cooper booted out of the Chairmanship of that Committee!We submit that Senator Sando Johnson’s is a belated cry, a cry that comes after so many horses have been stolen from the barn! Should he not have already done so, the Senator should go and read the Daily Observer’s last Thursday’s Editorial, “Whither Good Governance in Liberia?” This is the identical message we have always sent to our colleagues in the Liberian media: Do not get into anybody’s pocket. For the minute you take one cent from anybody, he/she feels that you are fair game and can be bought. And the day you refuse to bow to his/her wishes, the bowl of corruption beans will be spilled in the open for all to see. That is why it is always advisable to remain above blemish, as the day of reckoning will one day come, for us in the media, for the Senators, for members of the House, as Hans Barchue experienced last week; as it will come for anyone who dabbles in mischief.But we all pray for the preservation of peace in Liberia. Though the nation continues to be tantalized (tempted, provoked), we pray that it will not be to the extent that things fall apart and the peace is again disturbed in our beleaguered (long-suffering, stressed) country.Our present, persistent, pleading cry, ‘GOD GIVE US PEACE! And lead us to free, fair and transparent elections, during which you, our Heavenly Father, will anoint a leader of your own choosing, to save and carry Liberia forward.’Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

No more bomb threats

first_imgDear Editor,The new and emerging trend of bomb threats must be dealt with expeditiously and with some level of exigence. As a concerned citizen, student of the University of Guyana and employed within the semi-antonymous business field, I am calling on the relevant authorities – Guyana Police Force – to look into the root causes of such threats.I am concerned not just for the lives of innocent people, but particularly the thousands of student who were expose to the recent threats at the Nation’s University, QC, Bishops’ High, and most recently, the University of Guyana.These unlawful pranks appear to have some level of sequential pattern, which leads to the question; who is next?I also wish to suggest that all vulnerable and endangered Government agencies and Private Sector organisations/businesses, such as GPL Inc, the GRA, GWI must tighten their security checkpoints for the safety of their employees.Sincerely,DS McFarlanelast_img read more

Fort St. John gets early snowfall; snowfall warning remains in place for the South Peace

first_imgUPDATE – As of 6:20 a.m. the snowfall warning in the B.C. South Peace has ended.FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – A special weather statement has ended for Fort Nelson and the North Peace, but the snowfall warning remains in place for the South Peace.Fort St. John and Fort Nelson have each received 7 cm of snow since the storm started.  Snow is expected to continue until noon Wednesday with the South Peace receiving at least another 2 cm. Fort St. John should only see scattered flurries.- Advertisement –Drivebc.ca camera from the bottom of the South Taylor Hill as of 6 a.m. WednesdayA look at Mile 73 of the Alaska Highway at 6 a.m. Wednesday.A cold front from the Northwest Territories Tuesday bringing unseasonably cold temperatures to northeastern B.C. The cold front brought rain, which changed to snow Tuesday afternoon.  The front should move out of the area on Wednesday and temperatures should return closer to normal by next week.Advertisementlast_img read more

Former Manchester City and AC Milan midfielder joins LA Galaxy

first_img Nigel de Jong Former Manchester City and AC Milan midfielder Nigel de Jong has become the latest high-profile player to join the LA Galaxy.The 31-year-old Dutchman, whose contract with Milan was cancelled last week, follows the likes of Steven Gerrard and Ashley Cole in signing up to play MLS football in Los Angeles.Galaxy head coach Bruce Arena told lagalaxy.com: “Nigel is an experienced midfielder who will help the players around him get better. He will add qualities on the field that can strengthen our team in all areas. We look forward to Nigel coming to Los Angeles and joining our club.”De Jong arrived in Manchester after successful spells with Ajax and Hamburg and, after winning the 2011-12 Barclays Premier League title with City, moved to Milan. He soon became the Rossoneri captain and made 79 Serie A appearances.He has earned 80 caps for Holland and helped the Oranje reach the 2010 World Cup final, where he managed to escape punishment for a chest-high challenge on Spain’s Xabi Alonso.LA Galaxy confirmed De Jong would be added to their roster on receipt of international clearance. The new MLS season starts in March. 1last_img read more

Simeone to Chelsea, Eriksen’s new Spurs deal and MORE – Paper review

first_img1 Transfer rumours and paper review Here are the top transfer-related stories in Wednesday’s newspapers…According to reports in Spain, Chelsea have agreed a deal to make Atletico Madrid boss Diego Simeone their new manager for next season. (OK Diario)Bayern Munich have banned Pep Guardiola from signing any of their top stars when he becomes Manchester City boss. The likes of Robert Lewandowski and Thomas Muller have been linked with moves to the Etihad since the confirmation of Guardiola’s appointment at City. (Daily Star)Tottenham star man Christian Eriksen is close to agreeing a new bumper £50,000-a-week contract at Spurs as the club aim to secure the Danish playmaker’s long-term future at White Hart Lane. (Evening Standard)Spurs are locked in a tug of war with London rivals West Ham over £25million-rated Marseille striker Michy Batshuayi. The 22-year-old Belgium international has scored 15 goals for the French club this season. (Daily Mirror)Arsenal are ready to make a fourth attempt to sign Michael Carrick, who is set to leave Manchester United this summer. Arsene Wenger is planning an midfielder overhaul and first targeted the passmaster during his youth days at West Ham. (Daily Mirror)Watford are resigned to losing strike star Odion Ighalo this summer, but will look for £12million for the 26-year-old with Manchester United, Arsenal and Chelsea all plotting bids. The Hornets are reportedly lining up Granada’s 20-year-old striker Isaac Success as his replacement. (Daily Mirror)Manchester United have begun scouting 18-year-old Benfica midfielder Renato Sanches…on the orders of Jose Mourinho. (AS Diario)Ryan Giggs is reluctant to do another stint as United caretaker boss and may look to leave the club if he is not appointed full-time manager when Louis van Gaal leaves Old Trafford. (Daily Mirror)Former Man United and Man City striker Carlos Tevez has turned down a £19.5m-a-year offer from Chinese side Shanghai SIPG to remain at boyhood club Boca Juniors. (Ole)Ex-Manchester United full-back Paul Parker says his old club should appoint former Spurs and Aston Villa boss Tim Sherwood until the end of the season to “to soft soap the players and give them a bit of a cuddle”. (Eurosport)And here are the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…???Former Man City, Man United and West Ham striker Carlos Tevez snubs mega-money move to ChinaEden Hazard does not know how to cope with Chelsea pressure mentally, talkSPORT told Expert view on the ‘Belgian Jamie Vardy’ who is interesting as many as 13 Premier League clubsChelsea and Manchester United can forget about luring Mauricio Pochettino away this summer, says Tottenham legendAC Milan receive stunning £47m bid for Chelsea-linked striker Carlos BaccaJuventus send scouts to watch Arsenal and Manchester United target Edinson Cavanilast_img read more

Mourinho accuses Conte of playing humiliatingly good football

first_img Jose Mourinho appeared to criticise Antonio Conte of playing to the crowd by overseeing a great performance 1 DISCLAIMER: Like Manchester United’s defending at Stamford Bridge, this is just a jokeJose Mourinho has reportedly accused Antonio Conte of trying to humiliate him by being a really good football manager, as tensions spilled over on the Portuguese’s return to Chelsea. The Manchester United manager appeared to be infuriated by his Italian counterpart’s attempts to whip up a 4-0 thrashing of the Red Devils, with Conte showing a complete lack of respect by getting his tactics spot on, using expensive signings properly and winning the match comfortably.Mourinho confronted his opposite number at the final whistle and, speaking in Italian, appeared to tell Conte he should try to win matches “1-0, not 4-0”.The United manager, who usually takes defeats in an impeccably gracious manner, suggested his Chelsea successor had actually been seeking to humiliate him in front of his former fans by not attempting to play really boring football and park the bus.last_img read more

Strange, new world for USC

first_imgSo expect USC to drop so far in the national polls that dreams of still becoming a one-loss team in the Bowl Championship Series national championship game will immediately seem remote. USC will fall behind West Virginia, Texas, Auburn, Florida and Louisville. Maybe even behind Tennessee, Cal and Notre Dame. Too far and too many teams to overcome for USC to repeat its one-loss national title of 2003, when it fell to Cal early in the season and then finished with a flurry that heralded its great run. “You never know,” USC coach Pete Carroll said in Corvallis. “To think that would be a mistake. It just gets harder. It depends on how we’ll finish, so we’ll see what happens.” They will watch from a fresh and undesired position. That is not to say USC still cannot have a special season. Cannot win out, capture the Pac-10 title and play in the Rose Bowl. But these had become second-rung ambitions around Heritage Hall, where national championship runs and Heisman Trophies suddenly seemed a Cardinal and Gold birthright since the arrival of Carroll. USC still has three ranked opponents – Cal, Oregon and nonconference rival Notre Dame – on its schedule. If it wins out, it will still advance as the conference champion with a victory over Cal. Yet USC’s aura is diminished now. Other conference teams that had hopes of beating USC will now actually believe they can. The Trojans had not just won 27 consecutive conference games but did it with an air about them that separated them from other teams. With Matt Leinart, Reggie Bush and LenDale White, they were not just a top team, but a super team. A team that lost superstars and replaced them with other top national recruits. Only this team now seems very mortal. Has ached as it has tried to grow, taken steps both forward and backward, encouraged and frustrated. John David Booty, criticized through USC’s first six games for failing to deliver big plays and games, Saturday threw for 406 yards, three touchdowns and lost. After USC trailed 33-10, Booty engineered a marvelous comeback. It scored three consecutive touchdowns, the third coming on a 2-yard touchdown pass to Steve Smith with seven seconds to play. USC lined up for a two-point conversion. Briefly, USC appeared to have its old magic. A successful conversion and it was overtime. USC seemed on a familiar and powerful roll. Only Booty turned left to look for wideout Dwayne Jarrett and Oregon State defensive lineman Jeff Van Orsow leaped over his block. A pump fake and Orsow comes to Earth and perhaps Booty finds Jarrett open. Instead, the pass is released, Orsow deflects it harmlessly to the ground and USC’s 18-game winning streak on the road comes to an end. USC had finally fallen one play short. There finally was no last-second heroics, no memorable victory, no storied comeback. Four turnovers and a slow start did USC in. In seasons past, USC lived off other team’s turnovers. Now it loses a game because of them. It’s uncharacteristic, it’s alien, it’s their new world. Seven games into its 2006 season, the Trojans still struggle to find an identity, to find their place in a new national order that no longer places gifts at their feet. “I think we were ready for them,” Beavers receiver Joe Newton said. “I don’t think we were in awe of them. … We definitely respected them, but we knew we could play with them.” That’s how it will be now in the Pac-10. Lose to Oregon State and everyone starts to believe. Yet USC can still go 11-1. Unbeatens Ohio State and Michigan still have to meet, as do West Virginia and Louisville. Strange things are still possible. Only for the Trojans to travel this unlikely path will take a return from a place they haven’t been in years. A good team struggling, if almost burdened with, trying to grow into greatness. Steve Dilbeck’s column appears in the Daily News four times a week. stephen.dilbeck@dailynews.com (818) 713-3607 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! And now to enter a strange, new world. One of lowered expectations. A foreign place, one where others dwelled but USC had taken to viewing from a distance, with a certain unspoken smugness. In this land, teams do not battle for national championships. They scratch and claw and hope to make a nice bowl. Hope to crack the top 10, to be viewed as one of the country’s best college football programs and not its pre-eminent one. USC lost Saturday, fallen 33-31 to a good but not great Oregon State team in Corvallis, Ore. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESurfer attacked by shark near Channel Islands calls rescue a ‘Christmas miracle’It was more than just some simple loss, however. It was a loss that confirmed what a nation had increasingly come to suspect – these Trojans do not resemble the great USC teams of recent seasons. In an afternoon that was somehow both stunning and predictable, a USC team that had flirted and teased defeat for weeks, that had tiptoed along a slippery edge against Arizona State and Washington and Washington State, finally tumbled against the 4-4 Beavers. USC is no longer perfect. No longer in prime position to contend for a national title. No longer quite as special and golden and almost otherworldly. A nation that had raised eyebrows over narrow USC victories, that had ranked the Trojans third in the country, will now wonder if it’s even the third-best team in its conference. Understand, USC will be punished mightily in the polls, maybe even unfairly so. When you’ve been at the top so long, some grow quietly resentful of continued success. last_img read more

Liverpool fan Dyche on playing in front of the Kop and his love for King Kenny

first_imgSean Dyche’s love affair with Liverpool started back in the 1970s.The Burnley boss, whose side entertain the title-chasing Reds LIVE on GameDay this Saturday evening, has fond memories of following the European giants as a child. Dyche’s fondness for Liverpool will not get in the way of him plotting a win over them this weekend when they visit Turf Moor.To date, Dyche has faced the Reds eight times as a manager, losing six of those encounters.The only win he picked up against them was as Clarets boss back in August 2016, with Sam Vokes and Andre Gray on target for the hosts.Saturday is GameDay on talkSPORT and talkSPORT 2 as we become your go to destination for all the Premier League action. We’ll bring you LIVE commentary of Premier League games across all three time slots on Saturday – 12.30pm, 3pm and 5.30pm – including Burnley vs Liverpool this weekend. 3 “You don’t forget these people just because you work in the same profession, I was so pleased to meet him.“He’s a fantastic fella just chatting away about football but deep down I’m thinking about that little ginger kid, thinking ‘wow that’s King Kenny’ and watching him on TV stuff like that. That’s more my memory of Liverpool.” latest Getty Images – Getty Kenny Dalglish, right, was Dyche’s favourite player growing up “Souness as well, and Ray Clemence who I’ve met many times, what a fantastic player, no airs and graces.“That whole Liverpool thing was quite a powerful thing in the 70s.”He added: “I got to play in front of the Kop before Phil Neal’s testimonial, they took a local Northampton team and we went up there and got 15 minutes each way.“I was a 70s child so everyone was a Liverpool fan but I lived in Kettering so I couldn’t get up there all the time, I was a distant Liverpool fan.”Dyche’s childhood hero was Kenny Dalglish, and says he was in awe of the former Reds player and manager when he first met him.“I did meet the now Sir Kenny a couple of seasons ago and that was a big moment for me because as a child he was my favourite,” he said. Liverpool transfer news live: Star man wanted by Real Madrid, Mbappe latest and more 3 Back in March, Dyche revealed in a pre-match press conference ahead of facing Jurgen Klopp’s men that he was an avid Liverpool fan in his younger years.He also discussed playing on the Anfield pitch on the day of Phil Neal’s testimonial match in 1985 – although he had never attended a game there.“My first recollection of them was at seven years old, then at about eight or nine when you start zooming in on what it’s really about,” he said.“You start getting your favourite players, mine was King Kenny – as a kid why wouldn’t he be your favourite player? getty images The average first-team salaries at every Premier League club in 2019 scrap Sean Dyche has done a tremendous job at Burnley Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ center_img Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Sky Sports presenter apologises for remarks made during Neville’s racism discussion PAYBACK revealed LATEST SORRY Gerrard launches furious touchline outburst as horror tackle on Barisic sparks chaos gameday cracker Steve Round reveals how Mikel Arteta convinced him to join Arsenal staff appointed 3 MOST READ IN FOOTBALL Sean Dyche is now managing at Anfield, not playing there ‘I’ll get him’ – Robertson further endears himself to fans with revenge vow to Mane last_img read more