BetFred founder to chair CardOne

first_imgSunday 23 November 2014 10:57 pm Betfred founder Fred Done is to become the chairman of a fast-growing challenger bank, CardOne Banking.Done started the BetFred chain – Britain’s biggest independent bookmaker – with his brother Peter in 1967.CardOne offers current accounts to more than 20,000 people and businesses across Britain. It charges a monthly fee of £12.50 and does not allow its customers to go overdrawn.The firm has been generating profits of more than £1m on revenues of about £6m. Done said the company was eyeing acquisitions and aiming to begin lending money by the middle of next year. “We’re looking at a banking licence,” he said. Joseph Millis by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May Likezenherald.comMeghan Markle Changed This Major Detail On Archies Birth Certificatezenherald.comMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailPost FunGreat Songs That Artists Are Now Embarrassed OfPost FunMaternity WeekA Letter From The Devil Written By A Possessed Nun In 1676 Has Been TranslatedMaternity WeekEquity MirrorThey Drained Niagara Falls — They Weren’t Prepared For This Sickening DiscoveryEquity MirrorLoan Insurance WealthDolly Parton, 74, Takes off Makeup, Leaves Us With No WordsLoan Insurance WealthPast Factory4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!Past FactoryTotal PastAfter Céline Dion’s Major Weight Loss, She Confirms What We Suspected All AlongTotal PastElite HeraldKate Middleton Just Dropped An Unexpected Baby BombshellElite Herald BetFred founder to chair CardOne whatsapp Read This Next’A Quiet Place Part II’ Sets Pandemic Record in Debut WeekendFamily ProofHiking Gadgets: Amazon Deals Perfect For Your Next AdventureFamily ProofAmazon roars for MGM’s lion, paying $8.45 billion for studio behind JamesFamily ProofIndian Spiced Vegetable Nuggets: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofNew England Patriots’ Cam Newton says no extra motivation from Mac Jones’SportsnautBack on the Rails for Summer New York to New Orleans, Savannah and MiamiFamily ProofYoga for Beginners: 3 Different Types of Yoga You Should TryFamily ProofChicken Bao: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofCheese Crostini: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily Proofcenter_img whatsapp Show Comments ▼ Share Tags: NULLlast_img read more

Lorry crashes into Dulwich bridge and narrowly avoids train with 89 passengers

first_img Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailUndozenherald.comMeghan Markle Changed This Major Detail On Archies Birth Certificatezenherald.comUndoMaternity WeekA Letter From The Devil Written By A Possessed Nun In 1676 Has Been TranslatedMaternity WeekUndoComedyAbandoned Submarines Floating Around the WorldComedyUndoForbesThese 10 Colleges Have Produced The Most Billionaire AlumniForbesUndoNoteableyKirstie Alley Is So Skinny Now And Looks Like A BarbieNoteableyUndoEquity MirrorThey Drained Niagara Falls — They Weren’t Prepared For This Sickening DiscoveryEquity MirrorUndoBridesBlushThis Is Why The Royal Family Kept Quiet About Prince Harry’s Sister BridesBlushUndoTotal PastAfter Céline Dion’s Major Weight Loss, She Confirms What We Suspected All AlongTotal PastUndo Show Comments ▼ Lorry crashes into Dulwich bridge and narrowly avoids train with 89 passengers Wednesday 8 April 2015 10:11 am This morning a lorry smashed into Dulwich bridge and narrowly avoided being hit by a train carrying 89 passengers.No-one was harmed in the incident thanks to the quick reactions of the train driver who pulled the emergency brakes just in time halting the train only metres away from the lorry. The fire brigade were called in to Village Way in North Dulwich at 11:25am and the incident was dealt with by 1:24pm.London Fire Brigade spokesman Richard Knighton said:The lorry has smashed into the bridge and the ‘grabber’ on top has gone on to the track. The train driver has quickly seen it and jumped on the emergency brakes which has narrowly escaped a potential disaster. The track has also been damaged so there was also the possibility of a derailing.Trains were between London Bridge, Beckenham Junction and West Croydon were delayed in the aftermath. An engineer was dispatched to investigate the site with a spokesman for Southern saying:Should any structural defect be found, then train services will have to be suspended again for repairs to be made. whatsappcenter_img Tags: NULL whatsapp More From Our Partners Brave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgPorsha Williams engaged to ex-husband of ‘RHOA’ co-star Falynn Guobadiathegrio.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgKansas coach fired for using N-word toward Black playerthegrio.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgFort Bragg soldier accused of killing another servicewoman over exthegrio.comLA news reporter doesn’t seem to recognize actor Mark Jeff Misenti Sharelast_img read more

North Korean Market Research

first_img Facebook Twitter [imText1]Unlike its external gesture towards openness as observed in the case of a recent agreement to expand South-North economic cooperation, the North Korean authorities regulate market activities at home. On October 3rd, the Workers Party delivered a public message that urges the North Korean people to have a proper understanding about the market and to eradicate anti-socialist activities which threaten people’s interest. According to the message, the state bans females who are less than 40 years old from doing business and orders them to get back to factory complexes. In regard to the recent regulation imposed on the market, many experts on North Korean affairs explain that the North Korean authorities are trying to hold in check a nouveau riche class who have made a fortune in the market and stop the infiltration of foreign culture and news into the society. Experts believe that the North has decided to regulate the market, the very source of living of its people because it posed a treat to the Kim regime.◆ The growth of the market since the mid 1990sIn 1990s, the country’s economy collapsed and the state failed to distribute food to its people. Many starved to death, and those survived turned to the market In those days, despite the state’s tight regulation, the North Korean people had to make their living by either selling in the market or smuggling to China anything they could find in the sea, mountain or river such as fish, pine mushrooms, hemp, alluvial gold, etc. Some even stole metal such as copper and white gold from refineries or dismantled equipments from plants or factory complexes, and smuggled them to China. Many North Koreans were able to secure the minimum amount of purchasing power by selling national resources overseas. Moreover, many defectors started to send money to their remaining family members in the North, and helped secure the purchasing power of their family. It was around this time when Chinese goods started to flow into North Korea and a new type of market began to grow. The new type of market differed from the state-approved farmer’s markets in the past. For the first time, it became possible for North Koreans to earn bread for a day in the market. ◆ The growth of a new type of marketOn July 1, 2002, the nearly bankrupted country adopted an economic improvement measure designed to improve the competitiveness of factory complexes. As many individuals illegally sold national resources overseas and factories were shut down, the state ran short of revenue and became unable to give wages to workers, officials and college professors. In order to solve the shortage, the state began to issue paper money to fill national treasury. Unfortunately, that increased workers’ wage 10 to 15 times on average. Moreover, the exchange rate which was about 220 won per dollar on June 30, 2002 increased to 1,800 won per dollar nine months after the adoption of the July 1st Economic Management Reform Measure..Foreign Policy, an American magazine of global politics listed North Korea once again this year as one of the world’s worst currencies and pointed out the problem of the country’s skyrocketing inflation. The magazine also pointed out that the price for rice has increased by 550 percent since the adoption of the July 1st Economic Management Reform Measure. It should be noted that rice is one of those items whose prices have increased the least. ◆ The more the market grows, the more it threatens the regimeAs inflation continued, more people turned to the market to make a living and started to manage their economic life independently. Having noticed that, the authorities began to worry what kinds of changes the market would bring about. The authorities’ foremost concern lies in the rapid spread of foreign information through the market. As North Koreans’ preference for products from South Korea and Japan increases, so does their interest in these two countries. Many defectors say that a countless number of foreign VCDs have been circulated among people through the market. In addition, the state has lost authority as more people relied on the market and became self-sufficient and individualistic. Prevalent corruption has also undermined its authority. Lastly, illegal activities have increased so much that they are threatening public security. In fact, the North Korean people nowadays would do anything to make money. For instance, many party cadres, hospital workers and Red-Cross personnel are stealing aid supplies sent by the United Nations and advanced countries, and army personnel are selling military provisions including rice in the market. Furthermore, many violent crime incidents and lootings are taking place in the areas not under the government control. “The army and gangsters are savagely looting the market” says a woman in her 50s says recalling her visit to Hwanghae Province prior to coming to Dangdong, China. ◆ The impact of adopting market regulatory measuresThe growth of the market will likely deepen the crisis of the Kim regime. Any measure designed to restrict the market would backfire among people. Since the second half of the year, the North Korean authorities have been promoting market regulatory measures in the hope of protecting the regime. Some have raised a possibility that the North might try to restore its public distribution system using international aid. However, unless the North continues to open its door, the country would never secure an amount of food enough to run the distribution system again. “Kim Jong Il is aware of the importance of the market for people’s survival, so he tacitly approves its existence. However, when he feels that capitalism is spreading too quickly, he would try to control it.” says Gao Jingzhu, professor of Korean studies at Yanbian University. Analysis & Opinion North Korean Market Research Is Nuclear Peace with North Korea Possible? SHARE Tracking the “unidentified yellow substance” being dried out near the Yongbyon Nuclear Center By Daily NK – 2007.11.23 3:01pm center_img Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] Analysis & Opinion Pence Cartoon: “KOR-US Karaoke”last_img read more

Manulife fund to become open-ended

Related news Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Digital Consumer Dividend Fund files IPO Manulife Asset Management to close fund The fund’s units will be delisted from the Toronto Stock Exchange on June 14, to allow for the conversion. On June 28, the outstanding fund units will convert to advisor series units on a one-for-one basis. The fund will be renamed the Manulife Global Tactical Credit Fund and will be an open-ended mutual fund with daily redeemable units at net asset value. The fund’s investment objective will be to provide investors with monthly distributions as well as to protect their capital and to offer long-term capital appreciation opportunities. The fund will not employ leverage as part of an investment strategy. Finally, the management fee for the fund will increase to 1.70% from 1.50% per annum. Manulife Strategic Income Opportunities Fund will convert to an open-ended fund on June 28, the fund’s manager, Toronto-based Manulife Asset Management Ltd. announced on Monday. The conversion to an open-ended fund is in response to the federal government’s proposed changes in the 2013 budget to prohibit the use of “character conversion transactions,” which the fund currently employs. Europe Blue-Chip Dividend & Growth Fund confirms termination date Fiona Collie Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Faircourt migrates two closed-end funds to NEO Keywords Closed-end fundsCompanies Manulife Asset Management read more

Canada’s economy grew 0.3% in October

first_img Leading indicators signal steady rebound: OECD The manufacturing sector helped the Canadian economy bounce back in October to post better-than-expected growth for the month to kick off the fourth quarter.Statistics Canada said Friday the economy grew 0.3% in October compared with a contraction of 0.1% in September to end the third quarter. Economy lost 68,000 jobs in May Household debt-to-income ratio fell in first quarter: Statscan Related news Share this article and your comments with peers on social mediacenter_img Economists had expected growth of 0.2% in October, according to Thomson Reuters Eikon.Toronto-Dominion Bank senior economist Brian DePratto said the Canadian economy recorded a solid expansion for the month.“The breadth of the expansion was particularly encouraging, even as construction activity remained a weak point for a fifth straight month,” DePratto wrote in a note to clients.He said the breadth of growth will come into play in the months and quarters ahead.“November saw the worst of the discounts on Canadian oil blends, and voluntary production curtailments are likely to weigh on activity,” DePratto wrote.“This will sap overall growth, even before mandatory production cuts come into effect in January.”The Alberta government has mandated oil production cuts starting next year in a bid to help boost the price obtained by Canadian producers.Paul Ferley, assistant chief economist at the Royal Bank, noted that while the bounce in GDP growth is encouraging, it is not expected to be sustained.“Activity in November is expected to be weighed down by the Canada Post strike and a weakening in oil prices,” Ferley wrote.“These factors, along with the disappointing momentum going into Q4, are projected to result in activity in the quarter only rising at an annualized rate of 1.1%.”Statistics Canada reported growth in 15 of the 20 industrial sectors that it tracked.The manufacturing sector helped goods-producing industries increase 0.3% after two monthly declines, while services-producing industries also grew 0.3%, their strongest showing since May.The manufacturing sector grew 0.7% in October, almost fully offsetting declines in August and September. Meanwhile, the finance and insurance sector rose 0.9%, while the wholesale trade sector gained 1.0%.In a separate report, Statistics Canada reported retail sales increased 0.3% to $51 billion in October, boosted by higher sales at motor vehicle and parts dealers and gasoline stations.Economists had expected an increase of 0.4%.Sales at motor vehicle and parts dealers were up 1.3%, while gasoline stations gained 1.9% in October.Excluding these two subsectors, overall retail sales fell 0.4%. Keywords Economic indicators Canadian Press Facebook LinkedIn Twitterlast_img read more

Analysis in Government Month 2021 – Week 2

first_imgAnalysis in Government Month 2021 – Week 2 We’re now halfway through Analysis in Government Month 2021 and even more of you have been getting engaged with events, webinars, reading blogs and sharing your stories.Here are some of the highlights of Week 2:Jenny Dibden, Head of Government Social Research (GSR) spoke exclusively about the importance of analysis, how to pursue a career in social research, and how her musical skills have improved over the last year.Sue Bateman, Deputy Director for Data and Innovation, Digital and Data Office, Cabinet Office told us about the innovative multi-disciplinary work of her team and her own career journeyAround 700 of you dialled into our Using Innovative Methods of Analysis, Government Decision Making in Times of Uncertainty and Focus on the Office for Statistical Regulation and Integrated Platform events.Hundreds of you have already watched our We posted seven new blogs from government analysts working across the Civil Service:Five things you didn’t know about coding in analysis and researchFive things you didn’t know about the Government Economic ServiceFive things you didn’t know about Diversity and Inclusion in the Analysis FunctionFive things you didn’t know about how the UK is helping modernise official statistics in the developing worldFive things you didn’t know about data qualityFive things you didn’t know about how the Government Geography Profession supports diversity in the geography pipelineFive things you didn’t know about working as an Operational Delivery Professional (ODP) in a Statistical OrganisationLoads of you engaged with us on Twitter and we achieved more than 40,000 Twitter impressions. Remember to follow us at /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Cabinet, career, digital, director, diversity, Government, innovation, pipeline, quality, regulation, research, statistics, Twitter, UK, UK Government, worldlast_img read more

Top Death Penalty Expert Joins CU-Boulder Faculty

first_imgOne of the nation’s leading criminologists and most-cited experts on the death penalty, Michael Radelet, has joined the sociology department at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Radelet comes to CU-Boulder from the University of Florida, where he taught for more than 20 years and served as chair of the sociology department for the last five years. He has researched and published extensively on how the death penalty is applied in the United States. Americans’ support for the death penalty peaked in 1994-95 but has declined in recent years, Radelet said. Colorado is one of 38 states that allow capital punishment. “The more people know about the death penalty the more likely they are to oppose it,” he said. A recent poll found 63 percent of Americans support the death penalty, but that support declines significantly when people are given the option of a sentence of life without the possibility of parole, he said. When given a choice between the two sentences, public opinion is almost evenly split. Radelet believes the evidence clearly shows the death penalty should be abolished. His own research, covering cases from 1900 to 1985, has found that at least 23 people have been executed for crimes they did not commit, and that racial and economic disparities prove the penalty is unfairly applied. “The main determinant of who is on death row is the quality of the attorney representing the defendant,” he said. Radelet praised Colorado for having some of the very best public defenders in the United States handling death penalty trials and appeals. Defendants in some other states are not as fortunate, he noted. More than 7,000 people have been executed in the United States since 1900, according to research conducted by Radelet. The United States and Japan are the only industrialized countries that still apply the death penalty, and Japan rarely uses it. “Even if one concedes, for the sake of argument, that some people like Timothy McVeigh deserve to die, we run into all sorts of problems drawing the line between who deserves to live and who deserves to die,” he said. “At the end of the day, we make so many mistakes in making those decisions that the only clear lesson is that we do not deserve to kill.” Radelet has personally worked with each of the last 50 people who were executed in Florida. He is scheduled to release the results of a new study on Sept. 7, funded by the Florida Bar Association, that examines issues of race and the declining number of death sentences issued in the state. He also has been hired to do research for a commission studying the death penalty in Illinois. After a dozen people sentenced to death in that state were discovered to be innocent, the governor declared a moratorium on executions and established a commission to study the death penalty. Radelet is examining death sentences in Illinois in terms of race, gender and geographic location. He is studying what distinguishes the 170 people on death row in Illinois from the thousands of others convicted of murder in that state who were not sentenced to death. The commission is scheduled to release its report by Nov. 1. Last week, an Idaho man who had been on death row for 18 years was released after a state judge dismissed the charges against him on the basis of DNA tests. He became the 97th inmate in the United States who has been released from death row since 1973 after it was discovered that they were not guilty, Radelet said. “Convicting the innocent shows the fallibility of every decision-maker on the road to the death chamber: from politician to prosecutor to jury to judge,” he wrote earlier this year. “It shows we make godlike decisions without godlike skills.” Radelet will teach undergraduate classes on criminology and a graduate seminar on the death penalty. His undergraduate students will be researching the history of the death penalty in Colorado, and will be documenting the types of offenses for which people in Colorado have been executed and the race and ethnic characteristics of the defendants and victims. Radelet will speak to the Boulder Rotary Club on Sept. 4 and to the Colorado Public Defenders Association in Snowmass on Sept. 29. Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Published: Aug. 28, 2001 last_img read more

Lead like Ralphie: Welcome a new herd of Buffs

first_imgShare Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Published: Feb. 1, 2018 Are you proud to be a CU Buff? Do you want to gain valuable leadership experience? Then be the first to welcome new students and families to campus by joining the Journey Leader team.My favorite part about being a Journey Leader is the opportunity to provide new students with solid grounding, since they are coming to a new school and experiencing totally new things, it is important for us to make that first connection with them so they know CU is the right place for them.” –Emily P., juniorOn-campus leadership opportunityJourney Leaders are a diverse team of CU Boulder students who work together to welcome new students and families to campus at events like the Black and Gold Bash, Taste of CU, Family Weekend and more!Show your CU pride, be a campus leader and welcome a new herd of CU Buffs by joining the Journey Leader team today.Information sessionsWant to learn more about becoming a Journey Leader? Attend one of our upcoming information sessions!Learn MoreBenefits of being a Journey LeaderGain valuable leadership experience to build your resume.Get involved on campus and show your Buff pride.Develop your public speaking and teamwork skills.Receive exclusive CU Boulder apparel and other branded items.Enjoy free meals during all programs.Visit the New Student & Family Program website for a full list of responsibilities, qualifications, commitments and benefits. The deadline for Journey Leader applications is Feb. 25.Categories:Getting InvolvedCampus Communitylast_img read more

Five ways to satisfy patients in tele-consultation

first_img Add Comment Related Posts Five ways to satisfy patients in tele-consultation Adoption of AI/ML can disrupt healthcare services Share healthtechpatient satisfactiontele consultationtelemedicine To ensure effective care delivery and patient’s care satisfaction, providers and healthtech companies alike have been striving to understand the patient for improving their journey and experience. The improvement and advancement of telemedicine rely heavily on reports of patient satisfaction, as it is the patient who can tell you best if your services were able to resolve their issues and meet their expectations. Anmol Arora, CEO, DocVita suggests few things to bear in mind to serve patients better on tele-consultation platforms What emerged as a mechanism to treat patients located in remote places, far away from local healthcare facilities or in areas with a shortage of medical professionals, is now revolutionising the healthcare system. While telemedicine is still an important tool to address these problems, it is increasingly becoming a system for convenient medical care.Telemedicine has emerged as a new call for action at the moment owing to several reasons – pressure on the healthcare system, focus on preventive care and the COVID-19 pandemic which has made many of us reluctant to visit hospitals and clinics. Moreover, with the increasing digital awareness, more people are opting for virtual consultations because of its affordability and accessibility. This has given the telemedicine industry a new impetus in its expansion.The facility of synchronous consultation using information and communication technology is a great step towards omitting geographical and functional distance. However, patient satisfaction continues to be among the major concerns facing telehealth. To ensure effective care delivery and patient’s care satisfaction, providers and healthtech companies alike have been striving to understand the patient for improving their journey and experience. The improvement and advancement of telemedicine rely heavily on reports of patient satisfaction, as it is the patient who can tell you best if your services were able to resolve their issues and meet their expectations. Here are a few things to bear in mind to serve them better:Match the patient with the right doctorWhenever a user comes on a healthtech’s platform, he expects to get connected with a doctor who understands their problem, has the expertise of the same, listens to them, diagnoses accurately and then starts the treatment. For this, it is important to match a patient with a provider whose area of expertise overlaps with their health concern. High patient satisfaction comes from a wider interaction system between patient and provider along with meeting patient preferences, for example, some female patients might be comfortable talking to a female doctor only; regional understanding; and common Language. The implementation of technology in medicine should be a result of deliberate design focused on patients, not just for the sake of vanity.2. Encourage providers to break the ice and introduce themselvesTo ensure satisfactory care delivery, it is prudent to provide patients with a tool or platform where they can share crucial information with the provider before the consultation. Also, providers should be encouraged to go through the patient’s health history as it would help the doctor empathise with the patient who then feels better-taken care of. In the absence of physical contact, patients are often sceptical if they will get personalised care or not. Therefore, it becomes important for the specialist to introduce themselves, interact well and win confidence especially if it is their first meeting with the patient. It puts the patient at ease, ensures safety and comfort and creates a conducive environment for the patient to open up and share the necessary information.3. Communicate and support your patient in their care journeyWhile patients seek care on your platform, they trust you and it is up to you how to enhance their trust and comfort. Here, communication is the key tool as a patient, at any time should not feel disconnected. If they are provided with regular guidance throughout their care journey, it would automatically deliver care satisfaction. At every point, your patients should be directed towards the next step which includes reminders for an upcoming appointment, ensuring setup for video consultation, reminders for tests etc.4. A consultation does not end with the appointmentThere must be a system in place which facilitates patient to ask questions to the provider after the video call to seek answers to remaining queries. Also, your platform must support sharing a tangible treatment plan to avoid confusions around medication names, doses, etc. Many prefer telemedicine for its tendency to improve outcomes, hence, it is important to collect your patient’s critical feedback before wrapping up the consultation and utilise it to refine your process.5. Don’t seek feedback through surveysHealthcare, in general, is a high-touch service, where a care seeker expects a fair bit from their care provider. Because of the variety of diseases, treatments, and interactions in healthcare, survey based feedback does not capture the user’s experience very well. It is always a better idea to let someone from the team reach out to the patients, and lend them an ear to elaborate their experience with your platform. The user insights received directly are always real, reliable and valuable for refining functional process. To enhance customer satisfaction and ensure effective services, it is important to understand customers’ expectations and above all, record honest feedback.Summing it all upToday’s consumers have high expectations and when it comes to healthcare, meeting those expectations can be tough. Therefore, both healthtech and providers cannot afford not to look for innovative ways to keep their patients satisfied. Healthtech companies must assist doctors as they learn how to best integrate telehealth into their clinical toolb Menopause to become the next game-changer in global femtech solutions industry by 2025 WHO tri-regional policy dialogue seeks solutions to challenges facing international mobility of health professionals Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals releases first “Comprehensive Textbook of COVID-19” Phoenix Business Consulting invests in telehealth platform Healpha The missing informal workers in India’s vaccine story Read Article By EH News Bureau on November 8, 2020 MaxiVision Eye Hospitals launches “Mucormycosis Early Detection Centre” Comments (0) Guest Blogs News last_img read more

TM9, Another ICT Milestone in 2018

first_img Mobile World Live is the online service dedicated to providing the mobile industry with daily news coverage & analysis of the biggest global market developments. Read more AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to MoreAddThisMore 22 FEB 2018 PARTNER FEATURE: Massive MIMO, a new favorite communications technology, takes on challenges in traffic-demanding markets.New Internet applications are emerging every day, smartphones keep getting more and more affordable, and operators around the world are offering speed upgrades and price reductions. All of these factors are stimulating rapid development of a global communications industry. By the end of 2017, 651 LTE networks and 219 LTE-Advanced and LTE-Advanced Pro (4.5G) networks had been deployed worldwide. The 11th annual Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast (2016 to 2021) projected that mobile data traffic overall will increase seven fold over the next five years.Adding sites and spectrums are the basic ways to improve network capacity while these resources are in short supply. Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology can multiply the capacity of networks without using additional site and spectrum resources. To this end, MIMO has become a key technology that today’s operators are focusing on. More than 100 4T4R networks have been deployed worldwide so far.Massive MIMO, the most advanced MIMO technology, attracted a lot of attention from the industry. In January 2017, China Unicom completed the first field test of FDD Massive MIMO, and they are followed by other leading operators in over ten countries from around the world, including Thailand, Spain, Turkey, Indonesia, Philippines, and Russia. Massive MIMO networks can provide three to five times the capacity of traditional 2T2R LTE networks. This relieves much of the network congestion in hotspot areas, especially in central business districts, shopping malls, and campuses. Massive MIMO is also a core 5G technology. A number of leading operators have planned to deploy commercial LTE FDD Massive MIMO networks since 2018 to provide ultimate user experience. It is predicted that operators around the world will tend to commercially deploy Massive MIMO on a large scale in 2018.TM9, the Perfect Match for FDD Massive MIMO, Helps Maximize the Value of MIMO Technology.A mature Transmission Mode 9 (TM9) industry is preferred to maximize the benefits of FDD Massive MIMO. Technologically, the relationship between Massive MIMO and TM9 is based on the following facts:Fact 1: TM9 provides UE-specific beamforming for multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO), increasing network capacity.As a new transmission mode specified in 3GPP Release 10, TM9 introduces a UE-specific reference signal (RS) for channel state information (CSI) measurement and feedback. A base station can therefore assign different CSI-RSs to different UEs. Together with the UE-level demodulation reference signals (DMRSs), UE-specific narrow beams are formed to improve the user experience and mitigate the inter-user interference. Additionally, the network capacity is also increased by MU-MIMO which schedules multiple users simultaneously on the same resources.Fact 2: TM9 is introduced to break through reference signal (RS) restrictions on antenna ports, promoting evolution of multiple-antenna technologies.Before 3GPP Release 10, only the cell-specific reference signal (CRS) could be used over the LTE air interface to measure and report the CSI and to demodulate the data. When multiple-antenna technologies are used, signals from each antenna are transmitted along different paths. A group of CRS resources needs to be assigned to each antenna port to accurately measure the CSI for each antenna signal. A larger number of antenna ports results in increased air interface resource overheads. When two or four ports are used, the RS overhead accounts for 9.5% or 14.3% of the total, respectively. When eight or more antenna ports are used, the RS overhead will have a negative impact on the gains from the multiple-antenna technology. As a result, no more than four CRS ports can be used. In these circumstances, TM9 is introduced and two new RS types are specified: the CSI-RS and the DMRS. The first is used to measure and report the CSI, and the latter is used to demodulate the data. The CSI-RS consumes few air interface resources to measure and report the CSI. The DMRS is transmitted along with the data and is applied on demand. Therefore, the introduction of TM9 can break through RS restrictions on the number of antenna ports, enabling eight or more ports and promoting further evolution.Fact 3: TM9 has been introduced to fully utilize downlink coordinated multipoint transmission (DL CoMP).Cell edge user (CEU) experience is poor due to the interference caused by neighboring cells. This can be greatly improved by using DL CoMP. CoMP makes use of joint transmission (JT) and interference coordination. JT enables base stations in neighboring cells to jointly transmit data to CEUs to obtain power gain and array gain. Interference coordination is used to adjust beam scheduling of UEs in intra-frequency neighboring cells to avoid interference to CEUs and improve CEU experience.The UE-specific CSI-RS in TM9 can be used to accurately measure the data streams sent by neighboring cells and to coordinate scheduling. According to the lab test results, TM9-based DL CoMP can increase the cell-edge throughput by 20% to 40%.TM9 greatly improves beamforming and MU-MIMO capabilities on Massive MIMO networks. For example, if Rel-14 TM9 phones with 4 antennas are used, a 32T32R massive MIMO cell with TM9 enabled has up to 6.5-fold capacity increase over a 2T2R cell. Even in 2T2R and 4T4R network, TM9 can be used to significantly increase the gains for CEUs. TM9 fully utilizes the advantages of multiple-antenna technologies and improves user experience to a record high.TM9 Provides an Exclusive Experience Through UE-Specific Channels. TM9 Is Ready for Large-Scale Commercial Deployment.3GPP introduced TM9 in 2011. Mainstream chipset vendors, such as Qualcomm and HiSilicon, started releasing TM9-capable chipsets in 2014. For terminals equipped with TM9-capable chipsets, TM9 can be enabled by simply accepting the software released by terminal vendors. There are more than 20 models of smartphones hardware supporting TM9 on the market. When TM9 is enabled on a commercial network, users can enjoy exclusive data transmission channels by upgrading the software on their mobile phones.More than 10 leading operators, including China Mobile, Verizon, and SKT, have started testing TM9 on their networks. It is foreseeable that the year 2018 will witness the continuous development of multiple-antenna technologies and the large-scale commercial deployment of TM9. HomeFeatured Content TM9, Another ICT Milestone in 2018 Author Mobile World Live Previous ArticleAmerica Movil ordered to share network accessNext ArticleRovio downplays 2018 expectations last_img read more